NIH Research Matters
April 14, 2014
Hospitalized patients who had fewer blood transfusions had lower risks of infection, a study showed. More conservative transfusion strategies might reduce infection rates.
An experimental spinal stimulation therapy helped 4 young men who were paralyzed below the chest because of spinal cord injuries to regain control of some movement.
Two research teams revealed how cells in skin feel fine detail and texture. The findings could lead to new approaches to restore the sense of touch lost to aging and certain diseases.
April 7, 2014
An early childhood program—already shown to bring higher academic achievement and career benefits—can also help prevent disease later in life, according to new findings.
The first comprehensive 3-D atlas of gene expression in the developing human brain will help advance the study of disorders such as autism and schizophrenia.
A bariatric surgical procedure reduces obesity and improves glucose tolerance in mice by increasing bile acids and altering gut microbes. The finding hints at new non-surgical approaches to obesity.
March 31, 2014
A study of pro baseball players showed that some benefits of building bone during youth can last a lifetime. Continued physical activity can also help maintain bone strength.
Researchers identified a biological pathway that contributes to vein graft failure following bypass surgery. The finding points to potential drugs that might help to reduce such failures.
People are able to distinguish more than 1 trillion scents, according to new research. The findings show that our sense of smell is far more discriminating than previously thought.
March 17, 2014
For most infants, the use of contact lenses for several years after cataract surgery may be a better approach than immediately implanting an artificial lens, a new study found.
A high-protein diet during middle age was associated with higher mortality in a new study. In adults over 65, however, a high-protein diet was linked to lower mortality.
A new study identified a set of 10 compounds in the blood that might be used to identify older adults at risk for developing memory deficits or Alzheimer’s disease.
March 10, 2014
Patient deaths in hospitals could be reduced by easing nurses’ workloads and emphasizing education in hiring, a new study suggests.
Scientists identified genetic alterations that contribute to a severe form of Cushing’s syndrome. The finding suggests new approaches to treating this rare but serious disorder.
Researchers found that electroacupuncture in mice reduced the inflammation responsible for sepsis. The mechanisms at play hint at new approaches to treat inflammatory disorders.
March 3, 2014
Advanced genomic techniques helped reveal the cause of a rare syndrome marked by recurring strokes and inflammation beginning early in childhood.
Researchers determined the structure of a protein that allows the hepatitis C virus to gain entry into cells. The finding may aid in the development of a vaccine.
Scientists developed a 3-D scaffold that guides the development of stem cells into cartilage-producing cells. The approach could lead to orthopedic implants to replace cartilage and other tissues.
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About NIH Research Matters
Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.
NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.