NIH Research Matters
December 9, 2013
Gene tests don't improve initial dosing of a common blood thinner, a large study finds. The result highlights the importance of using clinical trials to assess how genetics might help optimize therapy.
A novel approach identified dozens of genes that may contribute to Parkinsonís disease. The findings may also yield insights into other disorders that involve mitochondria, our cellsí biological power plants.
The effectiveness of certain cancer therapies may depend on microbes that live in the intestine, according to a study in mice. The findings suggest that antibiotics might hinder the effects of cancer therapies.
November 25, 2013
Infants later diagnosed with autism show a steady decline in eye contact beginning as young as 2 months of age. If confirmed, the finding might lead to earlier autism diagnosis and treatment.
A specific type of gut bacteria may play a role in rheumatoid arthritis, new research suggests.
Researchers have developed a more detailed picture of the protein largely responsible for enabling HIV to enter human immune cells and cause infection. The findings will help inform future strategies to combat the virus.
November 18, 2013
Final results of a clinical trial in patients at high risk for a second stroke confirm earlier findings that stenting adds no benefits over aggressive medical treatment alone.
Severely obese adults who had bariatric surgery had substantial weight loss 3 years later but varied greatly in the amount of weight lost and in the effects on related conditions.
Researchers identified genetic sequences that may help shape each personís unique face. The results offer insights into how facial differences develop and facial birth defects arise.
November 4, 2013
Researchers identified 11 new genes that affect the risk for Alzheimerís disease. The findings point to novel targets for preventing or delaying the disease.
A new study partly explains why people with cancer often lose muscle. It also suggests a new avenue for treating the condition.
The age of many human tissues and cells is reflected in chemical changes to DNA. The finding provides insights for cancer, aging, and stem cell research.
October 28, 2013
Hormone therapy may be a reasonable option for younger women to manage menopausal symptoms for a limited period of time, according to a new analysis.
Sleep may help restore the brain by flushing out toxins that build up during waking hours. The findings suggest a potential new role for sleep in health and disease.
Researchers developed a method to recode a bacteriumís genome and enable it to make novel compounds.
September 30, 2013
Classroom naps can enhance memory and support learning in preschool children, a new study showed.
A lightweight microscope that attaches to a cell phone can detect single nanoparticles and viruses. It might one day be used for diagnostic tests in the field.
Researchers developed a method to quickly identify antibiotics that can treat multidrug-resistant bacteria—and reveal how these bacteria-killing medications work.
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About NIH Research Matters
Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.
NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.