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NIH Research Matters

September 28, 2015

Portrait of a senior Inuit man smiling.

Genetic Adaptations to Diet and Climate

Genetic variations in the Inuit of Greenland may reflect adaptations to the specific diet and climate their ancestors have experienced for thousands of years.

X-ray style illustration of a skeleton.

Bone Risks Linked to Genetic Variants

A large-scale genomic study provided insights into the genetics underlying osteoporosis and may lead to new ways to prevent bone loss and fractures.

3-D printed nerve scaffold with two branches.

Repairing Nerve Pathways With 3-D Printing

A novel 3-D printing approach was used to create customized scaffolds that helped damaged rat nerves regenerate and improved the animals’ ability to walk.

September 21, 2015

Grainy image of pedestrians.

Diabetes in the U.S. Population

An analysis of recent data found that 12% to 14% of U.S. adults had diabetes, but many—particularly in certain ethnic groups—didn’t know they did.

Young students running down a hall.

Brief Activity Breaks May Benefit Children’s Health

Preliminary findings suggest that breaking up sedentary time may offer a strategy to reduce certain health risks in children.

Protein complexes.

The Interactome: Mapping Protein Interactions

A map of over 1 million protein interactions in more than 100 animal species, including people, will improve our understanding of how the body works and what causes disease.

September 14, 2015

Electronic cigarette

E-cigarettes May Affect Teen Tobacco Use

Students who use electronic cigarettes by the time they start high school may be more likely to try traditional tobacco products, research suggests.

Child with cancer

Using Genetic Sequencing to Manage Cancer in Children

A study showed that including genomic sequencing in the care of young cancer patients is feasible, but it’s not yet clear if the practice improves clinical outcomes.

Neurons from an ALS patient

Nuclear Pore Problems May Lead to ALS and Dementia

Researchers identified a fundamental pathway involved in some forms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia. The findings may point the way to new treatments.

August 31, 2015

A balance scale with pasta/carbs weighed against butter/fat.

Dietary Fat vs. Carbohydrate for Reducing Body Fat

In adults with obesity, decreasing dietary fat led to greater body fat loss than cutting the same number of calories from carbohydrates.

Man looking out a window.

Biomarkers and Questionnaires Predict Suicide Risk

By combining measures of genetic activity with app-based questionnaires, researchers made progress in predicting which patients might be likely to attempt suicide.

Illustration of DNA on a background of genetic code.

Finding Factors that Affect Huntington’s Disease Onset

A novel strategy identified genetic factors linked to the onset of Huntington’s disease symptoms. The approach may help predict the progression of disease and suggest new therapies.

August 24, 2015

Man talking to doctor.

Combination Therapy for Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Results of a clinical trial show that giving chemotherapy along with hormone therapy can prolong the lives of men with a certain type of metastatic prostate cancer.


Untangling the Octopus Genome

The octopus genome sequence provides new clues to this animal’s distinctive features and abilities, and may help inform a better understanding of human development.

Cells with mitochondria.

Study Details Process Involved in Parkinson’s Disease

Researchers determined how cells dispose of damaged mitochondria, a process that can lead to neurodegenerative and other diseases when gone awry.

August 10, 2015

White blood cell.

Benefits of Early Antiretroviral Therapy in HIV Infection

A large study found that starting antiretroviral therapy early in HIV-infected people prevents serious AIDS-related and non-AIDS-related diseases.

Legs supported by braces.

Paralyzed Men Gain Movement Without Surgery

A noninvasive treatment helped 5 men with complete muscle paralysis in the lower body voluntarily move their legs in a step-like pattern.

Network of interconnected mitochondria.

Muscle Mitochondria May Form Energy Power Grid

Mitochondria within mouse muscle cells can quickly distribute energy through a grid-like network. The findings could provide new insights into diseases linked to energy use in muscle.

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About NIH Research Matters

Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.

NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.

ISSN 2375-9593

Research News from NIH and Grantees

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This page last reviewed on September 28, 2015

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