NIH Research Matters
February 23, 2015
Daily iron supplements can improve the health of blood donors and reduce the number whose donations need to be deferred.
The first person to be documented with WHIM syndrome was spontaneously cured by a cellular event normally considered catastrophic.
Researchers created a detailed map of bacterial diversity throughout New York City. The findings could aid surveillance of disease, bioterrorism threats, and health management.
February 9, 2015
A large number of people may combine alcoholic beverages with prescription medications known to interact with alcohol, an analysis suggests.
Researchers revealed one type of neuron that promotes thirst and another that suppresses it. The findings give insight into how the brain controls fluid levels in the body.
Bacteria were altered to make them unable to survive without a synthetic nutrient. This technique may prevent genetically modified bacteria from surviving in the wild.
February 2, 2015
By analyzing twins, researchers determined that most of the variability in the immune system is due to environmental factors, rather than genes.
A comprehensive landscape of genomic alterations in head and neck cancers will provide important new clues for future research and treatment directions.
Over time, rats recall a fearful memory by a separate brain pathway than the one first used to recall it. The discovery may provide clues to improved treatments for anxiety disorders.
January 26, 2015
A drug approved to treat overactive bladder can stimulate brown fat and increase energy expenditure in men. The results suggest a strategy for treating obesity and related diseases.
Research in mice shows how certain skin microbes help the immune system protect against pathogens. The findings may lead to a better understanding of various skin disorders.
Scientists identified a protein in human immune cells responsible for certain drug-induced allergic reactions. Blocking the protein might lessen the side effects of many medications.
January 12, 2015
An analysis of prescription patterns suggests the need for strategies to reduce the use of benzodiazepines—a class of sedative and anti-anxiety medications—in older adults.
Three-year results from a clinical trial suggest that depleting and then re-establishing the immune system can alleviate a type of early-stage multiple sclerosis.
A mouse study revealed that some of the health benefits of calorie restriction are due to increased production of the gas hydrogen sulfide. The finding could have potential clinical applications.
December 22, 2014
This week, a special recap of scientific findings published in 2014 by NIH-supported investigators.
NIH Research Matters
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About NIH Research Matters
Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.
NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.