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NIH Research Matters

September 2011 Archive

SEPTEMBER 26, 2011

Photo of a blood pressure gauge

Genes that Influence Blood Pressure

Researchers identified 29 genetic variations that influence blood pressure, more than half of which were previously unknown. The findings provide insights into the biology of blood pressure and may lead to new therapeutic strategies.

Photo of an optimistic young Japanese woman.

Gene Linked to Optimism and Self-Esteem

Why can some people make it through difficult times with little trouble while others crumble under the same circumstances? A new study suggests that the answer lies—at least in part—in your genes.

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Designing New Diabetes Drugs

Building on recent insights into how diabetes medications work, researchers designed experimental drugs that are as effective in mice as current medications, but cause fewer side effects.

September 19, 2011

Photo of doctor taking man's blood pressure.

Preventing a Second Stroke

Patients at a high risk for a second stroke who received intensive medical treatment had fewer strokes and deaths than patients who received a brain stent in addition to the medical treatment.

Photo of senior couple bike riding.

Five Lifestyle Factors Lower Diabetes Risk

A new analysis has found that a combination of 5 healthy lifestyle factors may help reduce the chance of developing type 2 diabetes, even if family history puts you at risk for the disease.

Photo of numerous images of mouse brains, with more on the left showing yellow and red areas.

Insights Into Tumor-Associated Epilepsy

The origins of the seizures caused by gliomas—among the most deadly and common types of brain tumor—have been elusive. A new study sheds light on the cause of these seizures and suggests potential therapies.

September 12, 2011

Photo of a woman eating yogurt.

Predicting How Diet and Exercise Affect Weight

Researchers have created a mathematical model of what happens when people of varying weights, diets and exercise habits try to change their weight. The model challenges long-held assumptions about weight loss.

Photo of medicine bottles.

New Uses for Existing Medicines

In a novel approach, researchers used computers and genomic data to find new applications for existing FDA-approved drugs. The accomplishment represents a major step forward in drug discovery.

Photo of Top panel shows fat tissue with large, bright red droplets; bottom panel shows fat tissue with small, scattered droplets.

Parkinson’s Protein May Regulate Fat Metabolism

New research suggests that Parkin, a protein linked to some cases of early-onset Parkinson's disease, may contribute to the disease by changing the amount and types of fat in the body.

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About NIH Research Matters

Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.

NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.

ISSN 2375-9593

This page last reviewed on December 4, 2012

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