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NIH Research Matters

October 2012 Archive

October 31, 2012

Photo of a woman choosing vegetables at a grocery with a baby.

Healthy Diet May Fend Off Type 2 Diabetes After Gestational Diabetes

By keeping a healthy diet in the years after pregnancy, women who develop diabetes during pregnancy can greatly reduce their risk for type 2 diabetes, a new study found.

Images of lungs with green, yellow and red areas.

Improved COPD Detection

A new technique can distinguish between different types of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and track disease progression. The method could allow for more accurate diagnoses and lead to more effective treatments.

Microscopic image of guinea pig inner hair cell with stereocilia.

Gene Tied to Hearing Loss and Usher Syndrome

Scientists discovered mutations in a gene that lead to hearing loss and also contribute to Usher syndrome. The finding adds to a growing body of knowledge about the underlying causes of these disorders.

October 22, 2012

Photo of an African man using a mobile phone.

Cell Phones Track Malaria’s Spread

Mobile phone data allowed researchers to track malaria parasite movements across Kenya. The results may help guide the design of more effective disease control programs.

Photo of person dusting a wood table with a cloth.

Bacterial Protein in House Dust May Spur Asthma

A bacterial protein in common house dust may worsen allergies that could lead to asthma, according to a new report. The finding gives insight into the link between allergic asthma and the environment.

Illustration of small neurotensin molecule on the surface of its receptor.

Brain Protein Structure Offers Clues for Drug Design

Researchers published a highly detailed picture of how an important signaling molecule in the brain interacts with its receptor. The achievement may help scientists design better drugs for certain disorders.

October 15, 2012

Drawing of a DNA molecule unwinding from a chromosome inside the nucleus of a cell.

New Insights Into Breast Cancer

A careful analysis of genomic data further defined 4 primary subtypes of breast cancer, each with its own biology and survival outlook. The findings may help to guide future treatment strategies.

Photo of a women in her 50s or 60s exercising outdoors.

Study Compares Women's Incontinence Treatments

A new study comparing treatments for a type of urinary incontinence in women found that each has benefits and drawbacks.

Microscope image shows intestinal lining with areas of dark green cells.

Intestinal Mending Depends on Key Protein

Scientists identified a protein that’s essential for mending injuries to the intestinal lining in mice. The finding might have implications for understanding and repairing damage to the human intestinal wall.

October 1, 2012

Illustration of a white blood cell (lymphocyte) in the bloodstream.

Therapy Repairs Ravaged Immune System

Gene therapy can safely restore immune function in children with severe combined immunodeficiency and allow some to stop taking painful weekly injections. The finding offers hope for those born with this rare and deadly disorder.

Photo of a child’s foot stepping onto a scale.

Early Antibiotic Use May Affect Weight

New research suggests that early-life exposure to antibiotics affects gut microbes and changes how food is metabolized. The findings may explain how antibiotics fatten farm animals and also have implications for childhood obesity.

Scanning electron micrograph of cilia.

Gene Therapy Restores Sense of Smell in Mice

Mice that were unable to smell from birth gained the ability to smell after a gene therapy treatment. The approach might one day lead to similar treatments for related human genetic disorders.

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About NIH Research Matters

Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.

NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.

ISSN 2375-9593

This page last reviewed on December 3, 2012

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