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NIH Research Matters

October 2009 Archive

October 26, 2009

Photo of engorged cells.

Rare Disease Gene Linked to Parkinson's Disease

People with mutant forms of the gene that causes the rare disorder Gaucher disease are 5 times more likely to develop Parkinson's disease than the general public, according to a new study. The finding may lead to new insights into developing novel therapeutic strategies for these disorders.

Photo of a young boy, looking down, seated on some stairs.

Childhood Maltreatment Linked to Adulthood Economic Problems

Childhood maltreatment is known to affect both physical and mental health in adulthood. According to a new study, the long-term impacts of child maltreatment also include higher rates of unemployment, poverty and use of social services.

Photo of carbonated water.

Scientists Discover Receptor for Carbonation Taste

Almost 250 years after chemist Joseph Priestley infused water with carbon dioxide to make the first artificially carbonated water, researchers have finally discovered how people "taste" that carbonation bubbling in their beverage.

October 19, 2009

Photo of a man receiving an injection.

Cocaine Vaccine Shows Promise for Treating Addiction

Immunization with an experimental anti-cocaine vaccine results in a significant reduction in cocaine use, according to a clinical trial. The result is the first successful demonstration to date of a vaccine against an illegal drug of abuse.

Illustration showing stalk structure with loops at each end.

RNA Marks Response to Liver Cancer Treatment

A small RNA molecule may help physicians identify liver cancer patients who could respond well to treatment with interferon, according to a new study.

Transmission electron micrograph of round virus particles.

Virus Linked to Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Scientists have detected the DNA of a retrovirus in the blood of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. The discovery raises the possibility that the virus may be a contributing factor in chronic fatigue syndrome.

October 5, 2009

Group of people from India.

Understanding Indian Ancestry

Researchers have analyzed genetic variation in people across India and discovered that most Indian people today descended from 2 ancestral populations. The findings set the stage for identifying genes that contribute to disease in people of Indian decent.

Photo of a pregnant woman eating a salad.

Treating Mild Gestational Diabetes Reduces Birth Complications

Treating pregnant women who have even the mildest form of gestational diabetes can reduce the risk of problems among both infants and mothers, according to a new study.

Photo of a man lying awake in bed.

Lack of Sleep Linked to Alzheimer's Plaques in Mice

People with Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases often have trouble sleeping. Now a new study suggests that sleep problems may actually contribute to the disease process. Researchers report that disrupted sleep can lead to the buildup of brain plaques—a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease—in mice.

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About NIH Research Matters

Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.

NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.

ISSN 2375-9593

This page last reviewed on December 4, 2012

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