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NIH Research Matters

November 2013 Archive

November 25, 2013

Infant watching someone while drinking from a bottle.

Eye Contact Declines in Young Infants with Autism

Infants later diagnosed with autism show a steady decline in eye contact beginning as young as 2 months of age. If confirmed, the finding might lead to earlier autism diagnosis and treatment.

Hand of someone with rheumatoid arthritis.

Gut Microbes Linked to Rheumatoid Arthritis

A specific type of gut bacteria may play a role in rheumatoid arthritis, new research suggests.

Structure of HIV Env protein.

Key HIV Protein Structure Revealed

Researchers have developed a more detailed picture of the protein largely responsible for enabling HIV to enter human immune cells and cause infection. The findings will help inform future strategies to combat the virus.

November 18, 2013

Happy mature couple looking at view.

Medical Management Best to Prevent Second Stroke

Final results of a clinical trial in patients at high risk for a second stroke confirm earlier findings that stenting adds no benefits over aggressive medical treatment alone.

Feet on a scale.

Weight Loss in Adults 3 Years After Bariatric Surgery

Severely obese adults who had bariatric surgery had substantial weight loss 3 years later but varied greatly in the amount of weight lost and in the effects on related conditions.

Sisters smiling.

Genetic Enhancers Fine Tune Each Face

Researchers identified genetic sequences that may help shape each personís unique face. The results offer insights into how facial differences develop and facial birth defects arise.

November 4, 2013

Senior men playing chess

New Genes Tied to Alzheimer's Disease

Researchers identified 11 new genes that affect the risk for Alzheimerís disease. The findings point to novel targets for preventing or delaying the disease.

Muscle tissue in person with pancreatic cancer.

The Mechanism of Muscle Loss in Cancer

A new study partly explains why people with cancer often lose muscle. It also suggests a new avenue for treating the condition.

Several clocks

Epigenetic Clock Marks Age of Human Tissues and Cells

The age of many human tissues and cells is reflected in chemical changes to DNA. The finding provides insights for cancer, aging, and stem cell research.

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About NIH Research Matters

Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.

NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.

ISSN 2375-9593

This page last reviewed on December 6, 2013

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