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NIH Research Matters

May 2009 Archive

May 18, 2009

Photo of a man clutching his lower back.

Acupuncture-Like Treatments Improve Low Back Pain

Acupuncture and simulated acupuncture both improved chronic low back pain more than conventional care in a new study. The result highlights central questions about how acupuncture helps people with chronic pain.

Image of Functional MRI data superimposed on 3-D MRI reconstruction of the brain.

Potassium Channel Linked to Schizophrenia

Scientists have connected a gene that regulates the flow of potassium into and out of cells with schizophrenia. The discovery provides a new potential therapeutic target.

Image of mouse torso with glowing blue patch indicating the liver.

New Proteins Help Peer Inside Living Animals

Scientists have developed a new fluorescent molecule that emits infrared light bright enough to be detected deep within the tissues of a living mouse. With further development, this type of molecule could aid the study of cancer, infections and other biological processes in small animals.

May 11, 2009

Photo of Africans in a crowded outdoor market.

Landmark Study Looks at Genetics of Africans, African Americans

Researchers have analyzed genetic variation in people across Africa, helping to tease apart the complex evolutionary history of Africans and African Americans. The results will also help uncover genes that contribute to disease in these populations.

Close-up photo of a breast cancer cell.

Genes Help Breast Cancer Cells Invade the Brain

Scientists have identified 3 genes that help breast cancer cells gain access and take root in the brain. The finding points to potential new strategies for blocking the often-deadly spread of cancer to the brain and other parts of the body.

Photo of a woman sleeping.

Immune System Tied to Narcolepsy

A new finding provides evidence that autoimmunity, in which the immune system turns against the body's own tissues, may play an important role in narcolepsy.

May 4, 2009

Photo of cattle in a field.

Scientists Sequence Cow Genome

The domesticated cow has become the first livestock mammal to have its genetic blueprint sequenced and analyzed. This major milestone in animal genetics provides new information not only about cattle biology but also about mammalian evolution.

Photo of a little boy.

Autism Tied to Genes That Influence Brain Cell Connections

Three genome-wide association studies have identified genetic factors that affect the risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Understanding how these genetic variations affect brain development will suggest new strategies for diagnosing and treating ASD.

Photo of a woman holding an infant.

Breastfeeding Moms Have Lower Heart Risks Later in Life

The longer moms breastfeed their babies, the less likely they are to have cardiovascular disease and related risk factors after their childbearing years, a new study suggests.

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About NIH Research Matters

Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.

NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.

ISSN 2375-9593

This page last reviewed on December 4, 2012

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