NIH Research Matters
May 2008 Archive
May 19, 2008
Pregnant women whose blood sugar levels are elevated—but not high enough to be considered diabetes—face an increased risk for Cesarean delivery, high-birthweight newborns and other problems normally seen in women with gestational diabetes.
Long-term exposure to air pollution may increase the risk for developing blood clots in veins deep within the legs, a condition known as deep vein thrombosis. Although air pollution has previously been linked to heart disease and stroke, this is the first study to find a connection to the sometimes-dangerous blood clots that can form in the veins.
Like human babies, juvenile zebra finches have their own way of babbling called subsong. A new study has found that subsong is driven by different brain circuits than those that control an adult birdís song. The studyís insights into how birds explore sounds to learn songs may shed light on how humans learn new things as we develop.
May 12, 2008
Researchers have long known that both physical activity and excess weight affect the risk of coronary heart disease. However, it's been hard to tease apart how much each contributes. A new study found that being physically active can considerably, but not completely, lower the risk of cardiovascular disease associated with being overweight or obese.
The first analysis of the genome sequence of the duck-billed platypus, whose ancestors split from the rest of mammalian lineage some 166 million years ago, revealed clues about how genomes were organized during the early evolution of mammals.
Researchers have found that the number of fat cells in your body is set during adolescence and remains constant through adulthood, regardless of whether you gain or lose weight. The findings may help to explain why it can be so hard for some people to drop pounds and keep them off.
May 5, 2008
Researchers have produced the first sequence-based map of human genome “structural” variations—those spanning long stretches of the genetic code. The map will help researchers understand how these variations contribute to human health and disease.
An international study has found that urine can offer an in-depth snapshot of whatís going on inside a personís body. The results revealed differences between populations and uncovered relationships between several urine components and blood pressure.
Researchers have devised a fast new technique for producing human monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that can roam the bloodstream to target and destroy infectious microbes. The method could be used in the future to quickly create effective treatments and diagnostics for influenza and other fast-spreading diseases.
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About NIH Research Matters
Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.
NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.