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NIH Research Matters

March 2011 Archive

March 28, 2011

Photo of a physician talking with an older male patient.

Blood Test May Predict Diabetes Risk

Scientists have identified 5 molecules in the blood that can foretell diabetes risk years before typical signs of the disease appear. The finding might help to identify at-risk people who could take steps to delay or halt the disease.

Photo of rows of wineglasses.

Gene Therapy Halts Binge Drinking in Rats

In a series of experiments, researchers gained new insights into the molecular players involved in binge drinking. The findings suggest future therapeutic strategies.

Illustration of spherical cage-like structure.

"Good Cholesterol" Comes Into Focus

Scientists have created a 3-D model of cholesterol carriers. The accomplishment could help explain why "good cholesterol" is so good.

March 21, 2011

Photo of a little girl holding a flower.

Drug Helps Improve Asthma Treatment in Youths

Adding a drug called omalizumab to asthma therapy nearly eliminated the fall and spring seasonal surges in asthma attacks among children and adolescents living in inner cities.

Illustration of nerve cells.

Scientists Switch Off Brain's Anxiety Circuit

Scientists have identified a distinct brain circuit that seems to switch anxiety off and on in the mouse brain. The discovery could have implications for developing improved anti-anxiety medications for humans.

Two microscope images of liver, the top one heavily marbled with red.

A Molecular Link Between Sleep and Liver Fat

Researchers have discovered a molecular link between the body's biological clock and fat production in the liver. The finding may help explain why disrupting your daily cycle increases the risk of diseases like obesity and diabetes.

March 14, 2011

Electron microscope image showing a cluster of misshapen cells.

Faulty Gene Helps Tumors Dodge Drugs

Researchers have shown how a defective or missing gene may allow some tumors to resist cancer-fighting drugs. The finding may eventually lead to more targeted chemotherapy based on patients’ genes.

Photo of an African American man at the barber.

Barbers Help Black Men Beat High Blood Pressure

A new study found that barbers successfully helped fight high blood pressure in African-American men. The results support an increasingly popular practice, in which trusted community members deliver key health messages to those who need them.

Microscope image of intense blue neuron.

Enzyme Can Alter Long-Term Memories

Even long after memories have formed, they can be enhanced or erased by altering the activity of a single brain enzyme, a new study reveals. The finding may give insight into treatment strategies for a variety of memory disorders.

March 7, 2011

Photo of a pregnant woman with a stethoscope on her stomach.

Protein Helps Pregnancy Proceed

Researchers have identified a key step in the establishment of a pregnancy. The discovery may shed light on fertility disorders and diseases of the uterus, including endometrial cancer.

Mosquito with glowing green areas throughout its body.

Fungi Developed to Fight Malaria in Mosquitoes

A genetically engineered fungus could be a highly effective tool for preventing malaria transmission. The advance might offer a new line of defense in combating a disease that affects nearly 300 million people worldwide.

Photo of twin sisters.

Clues for Schizophrenia in Rare Gene Glitch

Scientists have found a rare genetic mutation that, while appearing in only one-third of 1% of schizophrenia patients, may hold clues to improved treatments.

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About NIH Research Matters

Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.

NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.

ISSN 2375-9593

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This page last reviewed on December 3, 2012

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