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NIH Research Matters

July 2012 Archive

July 30, 2012

Photo of a teenager holding an egg

Hope for Beating Egg Allergy

Giving children with egg allergy small, increasing daily doses of egg powder could pave the way to letting some of them eat eggs safely, a new study finds.

Illustration of the long axon fibers of a motor neuron.

New Genetic Mutations Discovered in Families with ALS

New mutations have been linked to some cases of the fatal disorder amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig's disease. The finding sheds light on how ALS can harm the structure and growth of nerve cells.

Illustration of HIV envelope protein.

HIV Protein Strikes a Fleeting Pose

NIH scientists have discovered a new intermediate structure of the HIV entry protein. This temporary shape, which occurs just before HIV infects a cell, may offer a potential target for developing an HIV vaccine.

July 23, 2012

Close-up photo of a face.

Insights into How Deaf Brain Processes Touch and Sight

People who are born deaf process touch and sight differently than those who are born with normal hearing, a new study reports. The finding supports the notion that loss of a sense, such as hearing, affects brain development.

Photo of silkworm cocoons.

Stabilizing Vaccines and Antibiotics With Silk

Researchers developed a way to use silk to store and distribute vaccines and antibiotics without having to keep them cold. The technique can lower costs and help expand the use of these lifesaving medical tools around the world.

Confocal micrograph of several cells.

Neighbors Help Cancer Cells Resist Treatment

A new study shows that surrounding cells can help tumors develop resistance to drugs. The finding may change the way researchers approach the treatment of many cancers.

July 16, 2012

Photo of women in a vegetable garden

Food Choice May Affect Ability to Keep Weight Off

The mix of carbohydrate, fat and protein in your diet may be a critical factor in maintaining weight loss, a new study reports. The finding suggests that, to the body, not all calories are created equal.

Illustration of a kidney.

A Better Test for Kidney Function

Kidney function can be estimated more precisely by measuring blood levels of both creatinine and cystatin C than by using either marker alone, a new study found. The technique could help doctors more accurately diagnose chronic kidney disease.

Photo of a cluster of stem cells differentiating into neurons.

Skin Cells Yield Clues to Parkinsonís Disease

Scientists were able to reprogram skin cells from Parkinsonís disease patients into neurons. The technology can help researchers gain new insights into the disease and which drug treatments might be effective for which patients.

July 9, 2012

Electron micrograph showing several rod-shaped viruses on surface of long cells.

Learning What H5N1 Needs to Spread

Just a few mutations allow the avian H5N1 influenza virus to spread through the air, according to a new study. This and other recent insights will help researchers prepare for potential future flu pandemics.

Photo of toddler baking

Severe Food Allergy Reactions in Kids

Young children with allergies to milk or eggs had allergic reactions to these and other foods more often than expected, a new study reports. And less than a third of those having severe allergic reactions were given the drug epinephrine.

Photo of a radiation hazard sign

Drugs Block Deadly Harm from Radiation Exposure

Two drugs can block the deadly effects of radiation poisoning in mice when given up to 24 hours after exposure. The finding points to a possible new way to protect against radiation injury from environmental exposures or cancer therapy.

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About NIH Research Matters

Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.

NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.

This page last reviewed on December 3, 2012

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