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NIH Research Matters

January 2009 Archive

January 26, 2009

A very blurry photo of two boys, illustrating vision with a cataract.

Space Technology Yields New Cataract Detection Technique

A compact fiber-optic probe developed for the space program has now been used to create the first non-invasive device for early detection of cataracts, the leading cause of vision loss worldwide.

A photo of a hand picking up an apple at the supermarket.

Sodium/Potassium Ratio Linked to Cardiovascular Disease Risk

Two nutrients, sodium and potassium, likely work together to affect blood pressure and heart disease risk, according to a new study.

A photo of a clock.

Time of Day Can Be Critical in Chemotherapy

The time of day that chemotherapy drugs are taken may be a major factor in the effectiveness of the treatment and the extent of its side effects, according to a new study. The results have important implications for cancer treatment.

January 12, 2009

A photo of an older man consulting with his doctor.

New Tool to Predict Colorectal Cancer Risk

A new tool for calculating colorectal cancer risk for people age 50 or older recently came online. It will help health care providers and their patients make informed choices about when and how to screen for colorectal cancer. It might also be used in designing future colorectal cancer screening and prevention trials.

Three-dimensional rendering of neurons connecting to one another.

Deep Brain Stimulation Curbs Parkinson Symptoms

Scientists reported that a therapy for treating Parkinsonís disease called deep brain stimulation improved quality of life and gave patients more daily hours without troubling movement symptoms than standard medical care. However, brain stimulation also carried a greater risk of serious adverse events.

A photo of a young boy shielding his eyes from a bright light.

Eye Cells Are Out of Sight

A new study sheds light on how a particular kind of cell in the eye—crucial for light-related functions other than seeing—detects light and communicates with the brain. A better understanding of these cells may eventually help in the development of treatments for sleep problems or seasonal depression.

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About NIH Research Matters

Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.

NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.

ISSN 2375-9593

This page last reviewed on December 3, 2012

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