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NIH Research Matters

December 2006 Archive

DECEMBER 18, 2006

Picture of a woman excercising

Exercise May Reduce Lung Cancer Risk for Smokers

A new study finds that physical activity may reduce the risk of lung cancer in current and former smokers. However, smokers still have a much greater risk for lung cancer, regardless of their activity level, than people who've never smoked.

Picture of a black man

Adult Male Circumcision Reduces Risk of Acquiring HIV

Medically performed circumcision significantly reduces a man's risk of acquiring HIV through heterosexual intercourse, according to an interim review of data from two clinical trials. As a result, NIHís National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) announced an early end to the trials this week.

Picture of a young boy

Brainís Fear Center Changes in Autism

People with autism have trouble engaging in give-and-take interactions and relating to others. A new brain imaging study gives insight into how such social deficits relate to patterns of development in the amygdala, the brainís fear hub.

DECEMBER 11, 2006

Picture of pills

Comparing Drugs for Schizophrenia

An economic analysis of a large-scale schizophrenia medication trial suggests that the older, first generation antipsychotic medication perphenazine is less expensive (up to 30 percent less) and no less effective than newer, second generation medications, suggesting that the older medications still have a role in treating schizophrenia.

Picture of an empty wheelchair

Disability Among Older Americans Declines

Chronic disability among older Americans has dropped dramatically during the past two decades, according to a new study. The study suggests that older Americansí health and function continue to improve at this critical time in the aging of the population.

The Costs and Benefits of Enhanced Depression Care

Outreach and enhanced interventions have been shown to help people with depression, but many employers think such programs would be too expensive to provide for their employees. A new analysis, however, shows that it may be in employers' best interests to offer programs that actively seek out and treat depression.

december 4, 2006

Picture of pregnant woman and child

Monitoring Fetal Oxygen During Labor

Outreach and enhanced interventions have been shown to help people with depression, but many employers think such programs would be too expensive to provide for their employees. A new analysis, however, shows that it may be in employers’ best interests to offer programs that actively seek out and treat depression.

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Studies Show Benefits of Caregiver Support Programs

Programs designed to support caregivers of people with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) can help improve the quality of life for the caregivers and delay nursing home placement of the patients, two new studies have found.

Picture of a senior woman walking

Structured Exercise for Seniors

A structured exercise program may boost the physical well-being of sedentary seniors who are at risk of losing independent functioning, a new study has found. The study also showed that older adults can safely begin a program of moderate exercise.

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About NIH Research Matters

Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.

NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.

ISSN 2375-9593

This page last reviewed on December 3, 2012

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