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NIH Research Matters

August 2012 Archive

August 27, 2012

Photo of a woman holding a crumpled tissue.

Antibodies Protect Against Range of Flu Viruses

Scientists have isolated antibodies that protect mice against a variety of deadly influenza B viruses. One also guards against influenza A. The finding points toward universal approaches to combat all influenza A and B viruses.

Confocal micrograph of green and pink patches of cells.

Implanted Heart Cells Stifle Irregular Rhythms

Heart cells derived from human stem cells can protect injured guinea pig hearts against abnormal rhythms, researchers report. Similar heart cell transplants might one day hold promise for treating damaged human hearts.

Close-up photo of a human eye.

Retinal Device Restores Sight in Mice

Researchers have developed a new prosthetic technique that can restore vision to blind mice. The approach could potentially be further developed to improve sight in blind people.

August 20, 2012

Scanning electron micrograph of Penicillium mold producing spores.

Household Molds Linked to Childhood Asthma

Three specific species of mold were more common in the homes of babies who later developed asthma. The finding highlights the importance of preventing water damage and mold growth in households with infants.

Photo of a woman looking through mail.

Distinct Brain Activity in Hoarders

A new study revealed that hoarders have unique activity in 2 specific brain regions when deciding whether to keep or discard things. The findings give insight into the biology of hoarding and may guide future treatment strategies.

Photo of 3 pregnant women.

Gut Microbes Influence Metabolism During Pregnancy

A new study shows that pregnancy alters microbe populations in the gut. The interactions with these microbes cause metabolic changes that likely help the pregnant mother and developing baby.

August 13, 2012

Confocal micrograph of colon cancer cells.

Colon and Rectal Cancers Surprisingly Similar

Researchers discovered that the major difference between most colon and rectal cancers is where they start. These and other insights from a new study may change the way we identify and treat these cancers.

Illustration of human brain and spinal cord.

Rare Immune Cell Involved in Multiple Sclerosis

A unique type of immune cell may contribute to multiple sclerosis, researchers report. The discovery helps explain the effects of one of the newest experimental therapies for the disease and could lead to improved treatments.

Scanning electron micrograph of 2 Staphylococcus epidermidis bacteria.

Bacteria on Skin Boost Immune Cell Function

The harmless bacteria that thrive on the skin can help immune cells fight disease-causing microbes, according to a new study in mice. The finding advances our understanding of skin health.

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About NIH Research Matters

Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.

NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.

This page last reviewed on September 28, 2012

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