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NIH Research Matters

August 2006 Archive

AUGUST 11, 2006

Photo of a man smiling

Experimental Medication Kicks Depression in Hours

Current antidepressants usually take four to eight weeks to exert their effects. In a preliminary new study, a single intravenous dose of ketamine, a medication usually used in higher doses as an anesthetic, brought symptom relief to people with treatment-resistant depression in as little as two hours.

young woman at her computer

Internet-Based Program Can Help Women with Eating Disorders

Young women who suffer from eating disorders such as anorexia, bulimia or binge eating disorder often develop their eating disorder around the time they begin college. A new study has found that an eight-week, Internet-based intervention may help college-age women at risk.

a microscopic image of HPV

Common Thickener May Block HPV Infections

Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are the most common sexually-transmitted infection in the U.S. A new study shows that carrageenan, a common cosmetic and food additive extracted from red algae, may be able to block HPV infections.

Brain scans showing healthy brain on top nicotine brains on the bottom

Watching Nicotine at Work in the Brain

Nearly 80% of the smokers who try to quit relapse within six months, and nicotine is the main reason why. A new brain imaging study supported in part by NIH's National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) shows how the nicotine in just a few puffs of a cigarette can drive someone to continue smoking.

August 4, 2006

premature baby

Nitric Oxide Treatment May Help Premature Babies

Very small premature babies, those under three pounds, are at high risk for delayed growth and lasting developmental problems. Two new studies show that treating premature babies with nitric oxide gas can help prevent chronic lung disease, and may also protect against brain injury.

doctor examining a young boy's ear

Insight into Ear Infections

Chronic infection or inflammation of the middle ear, the area just behind the eardrum, is a common problem for children. Technically called otitis media, three of every four children have at least one episode by their third birthday. Almost half of those who get them will have three or more ear infections during their first three years.

mothballs

Chemical in Many Air Fresheners May Affect Lungs

New research shows that a chemical compound found in many air fresheners, toilet bowl cleaners, mothballs and other deodorizing products may be harmful to the lungs.

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About NIH Research Matters

Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.

NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.

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This page last reviewed on December 3, 2012

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