July 2010 NIH Audio Reports Archive
July 21, 2011
The brain is composed of two different types of tissue: gray matter and white matter. Traditionally, neuroscientists who have studied learning and memory have focused their attention on synaptic processes between neurons (found in gray matter) and consequently have largely ignored the role that glia and axons (found in white matter) play in facilitating learning and memory processes. Research funded by Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child and Health Development (NICHD) demonstrates that white matter plays a more important role in learning may have previously been thought.
July 20, 2011
Infants born with a severely underdeveloped heart who undergo a newer surgical procedure are more likely to survive their first year and not require a heart transplant than those who have a more traditional surgical procedure, according to a report by researchers supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). The study is the largest comparative effectiveness study for congenital heart disease and the first North American multi-center randomized trial of congenital heart disease.
July 14, 2011
A research team has found a genetic variant that may contribute to violently impulsive behavior. Impulsive behavior, or actions without foresight, is a factor in many pathological behaviors—including suicide, aggression, and addiction—but it is also a trait that can be of value if a quick decision must be made or in situations where risk-taking is favored.
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