|Reducing Sodium Decreases Long-Term Risk for
Reducing sodium intake not only prevents high blood pressure,
but also prevents heart disease, according to new clinical trial
data from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the
National Institutes of Health. Men and women with pre-hypertension
who reduced their sodium intake by 25 to 35 percent had a 25 percent
lower risk of total cardiovascular disease over the 10 to 15 years
after they reduced their sodium intake.
“The Long-term Effects of Dietary Sodium Reduction on Cardiovascular
Disease Outcomes: Observational Follow-up of the Trials of Hypertension
Prevention,” is published online on April 20, 2007 by the British
Two Trials of Hypertension Prevention were conducted in 10 clinical
sites in 1987-1990 and 1990-1995, with follow up for10 to 15 years
after that. Through dietary and behavioral intervention, participants
in the trials achieved average dietary sodium reductions of 25
to35 percent lower than their average intake before the trial.
Both trials found that the reductions in sodium intake prevented
high blood pressure. This new follow-up data shows that the groups
who reduced their sodium intake also had lower mortality from cardiovascular
disease. Mail questionnaires during the follow-up period suggested
that some of the dietary changes are long-lasting, despite the
difficulty in avoiding high-sodium foods in the United States.
Jeffrey Cutler, M.D., NHLBI project director of the TOHP studies
and co-author of the paper, is available to comment on the study's
To schedule interviews, contact the NHLBI Communications Office
Resources: High Blood Pressure http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Hbp/HBP_WhatIs.html
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