Every day, researchers at the National Institutes of Health turn the stuff of science fiction into reality. Through their work, they are striving towards the goal of improving the lives of millions in the nation and around the world. From developing new cells that can repair damaged cancer cells to building robots controlled by a person's thoughts, the thousands of scientists working in NIH laboratories or supported with NIH funding are saving lives—one innovation at a time.
Nanotechnology researchers at NIH are developing innovative treatments and diagnostics for asthma, heart disease, and tooth decay. Also under study are hundreds of potential applications for nanotechnology, ranging from improving the freshness of food to expanding energy use.
A new microscope helps scientists better understand how cells multiply and organize to form an embryo—or transform from a healthy state to disease.
As Personal as a Fingerprint
Life may not come with an instruction booklet, but, very soon, your DNA will. This information, known as personalized medicine, helps your doctors know which medications might be right for you and which ones to avoid.
“When combined with other sources of information, genomics has the power to predict the diseases a person is most likely to develop and how he or she might respond to certain medicines. This work provides a glimpse of how genomics can play a role in personalizing the medical care of individual patients.”
Once thought to exist only inside cells, RNA is now known to travel outside of cells and play a role in newly discovered mechanisms of cell-to-cell communication. Are these extracelluar RNAs (exRNAs) involved in diseases like cancer, heart disease or neurological diseases like Alzheimer's? Could scientists learn how to use exRNAs to diagnose diseases earlier or even to treat these diseases?
The Vscan® ultrasound device fits in a pocket, yet it is proving itself as a clinical tool, especially in developing countries and disaster areas. The scanner has been used to triage injured patients during the 2011 Japan earthquake and to provide prenatal care in Tanzania. It's been cleared for heart scanning, fetal and pediatric exams, and other tests. Learn more about the work of the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering.
Faster results and better care—that's the promise of a new handheld ultrasound device for diagnosing cancer. Using smart phone technology instead of traditional biopsies, the device collects images of cancer cells. Molecular profiling of the images provides genetic information about the tumor and recommends treatment that is tailored to each patient.
The BrainGate™ computer system harnesses the power of imagination, giving paralyzed patients more independence and a better quality of life. Simply imagining an action, such as grabbing a ball or drinking from a bottle, commands the robotic arm to move.
Unlocking Stem Cell Secrets
New stem cell research has the potential to treat people with heart conditions or Parkinson's disease by using "repaired" cells created from their own skin cells to fix disease-damaged cells.
"Responsible stem cell research has the potential to develop new treatments and ultimately save lives."
It’s All in the Genes
Your genes influence much more about you than just how you look. They also determine how your body responds to medicine. A simple test can determine which medications are likely to be the right fit for you.
“The real promise of pharmacogenetics is knowing and being able to use research information that tells us that one size does not fit all when it comes to drugs. Different drugs will be appropriate for different people in different amounts.”
Becomes a Donor
Inspired by her work coordinating transplants, a donor search coordinator registered to become a stem cell donor herself. Six years later, she got the call that would help save someone's life.
Each year, thousands of people with leukemia, sickle cell anemia, and other life-threatening blood diseases wait for their best hope of a cure—a bone marrow or blood stem cell donation, often from a total stranger registered with the National Marrow Donor Program.