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NIH Research Matters

December 15, 2014

Woman getting a vaccine.

Ebola Vaccine Prompts Immune Response

An experimental vaccine to prevent Ebola virus disease was well-tolerated and produced immune system responses in all 20 healthy adults who received it.

Sleeping baby lying on his back.

Unsafe Infant Bedding Use Still Common

Despite recommendations against the practice, many infants are still placed to sleep with bedding that increases the risk of suffocation and sudden infant death syndrome.

Neurons.

Drug Improves Function in Rats with Spinal Cord Injuries

Researchers developed a drug that allows spinal cord neurons to grow after injury, improving movement and bladder function. The approach may lead to treatments for paralysis and other conditions.

December 8, 2014

Mouse and DNA sequences.

Comparing the Mouse and Human Genomes

Results from an international genomics effort will help scientists better understand how and when mouse models can best be used to study human biology and disease.

A blood clot.

Gene Therapy Used to Treat Hemophilia

Experimental gene therapy improved symptoms for as long as 4 years in men with severe hemophilia. The study shows the potential for gene therapy to treat this and other disorders.

Damaged DNA

Structural Snapshots of Damaged DNA

Researchers revealed how nucleotides damaged by oxidative stress block DNA repair mechanisms. The cell death triggered by this process is thought to play a role in many diseases.

November 24, 2014

Illustration of a child and puzzle pieces

Gene Disruptions Associated with Autism Risk

Researchers identified mutations in 107 genes that may contribute to the risk for autism spectrum disorder. The findings may help lead to potential therapies.

An illustration of a man, showing the liver.

New Drug for Common Liver Disease Assessed

An experimental drug showed promising results and potential problems in treating a common liver disease. The drugís long-term effects still need to be assessed.

Small mitochondria.

Targeting Parkinsonís Disease Pathways

By blocking mitochondria division, scientists were able to restore function in mouse models of Parkinsonís disease. These preliminary findings suggest a strategy to slow or halt the disease.

November 10, 2014

Training staff in West Africa enter data in computer.

Computer Models Can Help Guide Ebola Response

Computer model projections provide insight into the dynamics of the Ebola outbreak. Such models can help guide more effective control efforts.

Chloroviruses (red) on an algal cell.

Algal Virus Infects, Affects Humans

While studying cognitive function in healthy adults, researchers discovered DNA from an algal virus in throat samples. The virus was associated with subtle cognitive changes.

Mouse heart tissue.

Immune Cells in Heart Help it Mend

The hearts of mice have resident macrophages, a type of immune cell, that play a key role in recovery from damage. The findings suggest novel treatment strategies for heart failure.

November 3, 2014

Woman and her son, who was diagnosed with a rare genetic disorder.

Clinical Exome Sequencing Detects Disease-Causing Glitches

In some patients with suspected genetic conditions, a fast, powerful technique called whole-exome sequencing provided a molecular diagnosis.

Structure of the HIV surface spike protein.

The Structure and Dynamics of HIV Surface Spikes

Scientists illuminated the movement and complete structure of the spikes that the HIV virus uses to bind cells. The findings will help guide efforts to develop vaccines and treatments.

 Beta-amyloid plaque in a 3-D gel culture.

Human Cells Model Alzheimerís Disease

Researchers designed a cell culture system that reproduce key features of Alzheimer’s disease. The system may aid in drug development and the study of other neurodegenerative disorders.

October 20, 2014

Doctor speaking with female patient.

Targeting Health Risks in Early Stages of Schizophrenia

Certain heart-related risk factors are present early in people diagnosed with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. The findings highlight early treatment opportunities.

Transmission electron micrograph of H7N9 virus

Progress Toward an H7N9 Avian Flu Vaccine

An experimental vaccine against H7N9 avian influenza prompted substantial immune responses in 59% of volunteers. The approach could lead to improved flu vaccines.

Human stem cell-derived beta cells.

Developing Insulin-Producing Cells to Treat Diabetes

Researchers transformed human stem cells into pancreatic beta cells that produce insulin and respond to glucose. The finding could lead to new therapies to treat diabetes.

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About NIH Research Matters

Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.

NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.

ISSN 2375-9593

Research News from NIH and Grantees

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This page last reviewed on December 15, 2014

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