NIH Research Matters
March 10, 2014
Patient deaths in hospitals could be reduced by easing nurses’ workloads and emphasizing education in hiring, a new study suggests.
Scientists identified genetic alterations that contribute to a severe form of Cushing’s syndrome. The finding suggests new approaches to treating this rare but serious disorder.
Researchers found that electroacupuncture in mice reduced the inflammation responsible for sepsis. The mechanisms at play hint at new approaches to treat inflammatory disorders.
March 3, 2014
Advanced genomic techniques helped reveal the cause of a rare syndrome marked by recurring strokes and inflammation beginning early in childhood.
Researchers determined the structure of a protein that allows the hepatitis C virus to gain entry into cells. The finding may aid in the development of a vaccine.
Scientists developed a 3-D scaffold that guides the development of stem cells into cartilage-producing cells. The approach could lead to orthopedic implants to replace cartilage and other tissues.
February 24, 2014
A daily aspirin may reduce the risk of ovarian cancer, a new study suggests. Further research will be needed to confirm the finding.
Shivering, like exercise, triggers muscles to secrete a hormone that stimulates energy use in brown fat cells. The findings hint at new ways to alter the body’s energy balance.
A new method, based on traditional woodblock printing techniques, allows for convenient, precise, and fast printing of live single cells. The technique could have many potential medical uses.
February 10, 2014
A unique type of poster placed in exam rooms helped reduce unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions for respiratory infections during flu season.
Scientists were able to pinpoint sets of neurons that responded to particular sounds when patients listened to sentences. The finding may provide clues to dyslexia, autism, and other language-related disorders.
Researchers designed and tested a class of new antibiotics to treat tuberculosis. The work represents an initial step in developing therapies to combat drug-resistant forms of the disease.
February 3, 2014
Heavy adults who drink diet beverages consume more solid-food calories—particularly from snacks—than those who drink sugary beverages. The findings highlight the challenges in using diet drinks to help control weight.
Among people with early-stage multiple sclerosis, those with higher levels of vitamin D had better outcomes during 5 years of follow-up. The vitamin could aid in early treatments.
A genomic analysis of a major form of bladder cancer suggests potential new therapeutic targets.
January 27, 2014
Ten years after a training program ended, certain cognitive abilities were still improved in older adults. The findings suggest strategies to help older people remain independent for longer.
Researchers developed a new tissue adhesive that is biodegradable, biocompatible, and easily manipulated. It could allow for less invasive surgeries without sutures or staples.
An HIV-specific poison can kill cells in which the virus is still reproducing despite antiretroviral therapy, a study in mice showed. Such targeted therapies could become a tool to combat HIV.
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About NIH Research Matters
Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.
NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.