NIH Research Matters
August 31, 2015
In adults with obesity, decreasing dietary fat led to greater body fat loss than cutting the same number of calories from carbohydrates.
By combining measures of genetic activity with app-based questionnaires, researchers made progress in predicting which patients might be likely to attempt suicide.
A novel strategy identified genetic factors linked to the onset of Huntingtonís disease symptoms. The approach may help predict the progression of disease and suggest new therapies.
August 24, 2015
Results of a clinical trial show that giving chemotherapy along with hormone therapy can prolong the lives of men with a certain type of metastatic prostate cancer.
The octopus genome sequence provides new clues to this animalís distinctive features and abilities, and may help inform a better understanding of human development.
Researchers determined how cells dispose of damaged mitochondria, a process that can lead to neurodegenerative and other diseases when gone awry.
August 10, 2015
A large study found that starting antiretroviral therapy early in HIV-infected people prevents serious AIDS-related and non-AIDS-related diseases.
A noninvasive treatment helped 5 men with complete muscle paralysis in the lower body voluntarily move their legs in a step-like pattern.
Mitochondria within mouse muscle cells can quickly distribute energy through a grid-like network. The findings could provide new insights into diseases linked to energy use in muscle.
July 27, 2015
Free symptom checking programs often donít provide the correct diagnosis first, a study found, and their advice on when to seek help usually errs on the side of caution.
Two studies found that recent cholesterol treatment guidelines are a cost-effective way to prevent cardiovascular disease.
A sensor in nerve cells of tiny worms detects the Earthís magnetic field. The finding suggests that the ability of animals to detect magnetic fields may be more widespread than thought.
July 13, 2015
A noninvasive method to detect both early- and late-stage pancreatic cancer could lead to routine tests that catch tumors early and boost survival rates.
A technique called umbilical cord milking increased blood pressure and red blood cell levels in preterm infants delivered by cesarean section.
Periodic cycles of a low-calorie diet that mimicked fasting improved metabolic, immune, and other functions in mice. A pilot study suggested health benefits to people.
June 29, 2015
A nationwide survey found that alcohol use disorder is becoming more common, but few people seek treatment. The study highlights the need for renewed education and treatment efforts.
Researchers found that nearly 1 in 7 Hispanic/Latino adults in the U.S. has hearing loss. More research will be needed to determine the factors involved and develop interventions.
Research teams achieved important steps needed to prompt the immune system to produce antibodies against HIV. The results show important progress toward design of an effective HIV vaccine.
NIH Research Matters
Bldg. 31, Rm. 5B64A, MSC 2094
Bethesda, MD 20892-2094
About NIH Research Matters
Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.
NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.