NIH Research Matters
June 29, 2015
A nationwide survey found that alcohol use disorder is becoming more common, but few people seek treatment. The study highlights the need for renewed education and treatment efforts.
Researchers found that nearly 1 in 7 Hispanic/Latino adults in the U.S. has hearing loss. More research will be needed to determine the factors involved and develop interventions.
Research teams achieved important steps needed to prompt the immune system to produce antibodies against HIV. The results show important progress toward design of an effective HIV vaccine.
June 15, 2015
A 4-day course of antibiotics gave similar results to a longer standard course in people with complicated intra-abdominal infections. Shorter courses could have many benefits.
Researchers identified a protein involved in advanced diabetic retinopathy. The finding may explain why reatments donít help all patients and suggests a new approach.
Scientists found lymph vessels in mouse brains that carry fluid and immune cells from cerebrospinal fluid. Problems in this system might play a role in neurological disorders.
June 1, 2015
Researchers developed a device that captures rare clusters of tumor cells from the blood of cancer patients. The technique could lead to new insights into how cancer spreads.
Scientists resolved the detailed architecture of an inhibitor bound to an enzyme in solution. The technical advance could potentially aid drug development in the future.
Results from a mouse study suggest that pregnancy primes the mammary gland for increased milk production in future pregnancies through epigenetic changes.
May 18, 2015
An experimental therapy for an inherited disorder that causes blindness improves vision, but the improvement declines with time. The findings offer insights for future therapies.
A new resource allows scientists to examine how genomic differences affect gene activity in tissues and organs across the body—and how that activity influences susceptibility to diseases such as cancer, heart disease, and diabetes.
Researchers developed a tool that can turn specific sets of neurons on and off in mice to affect behavior. The technology can help scientists study mental health and disorders.
May 4, 2015
A newly designed agent was effective in treating monkeys infected with a deadly Ebola virus strain. The therapy is now being tested in Sierra Leone in people infected with Ebola.
Two devices, developed independently, can gauge how tumors respond to various drugs. With further development, they could help determine ideal individual treatments.
Scientists revealed the molecular structure of a key target for blood pressure medications. The findings may aid the development of blood pressure drugs with fewer side effects.
April 27, 2015
Among patients undergoing complex cardiac surgeries, a clinical study found no advantage to only transfusing red blood cells stored for shorter periods of time.
Researchers mapped different language impairments to specific brain regions to reveal the basic organization of our language system.
In a mouse study, 2 drugs already on the market activated stem cells and repaired the type of brain damage seen in multiple sclerosis. The finding might lead to novel therapies.
NIH Research Matters
Bldg. 31, Rm. 5B64A, MSC 2094
Bethesda, MD 20892-2094
About NIH Research Matters
Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.
NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.