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NIH Research Matters

August 31, 2015

A balance scale with pasta/carbs weighed against butter/fat.

Dietary Fat vs. Carbohydrate for Reducing Body Fat

In adults with obesity, decreasing dietary fat led to greater body fat loss than cutting the same number of calories from carbohydrates.

Man looking out a window.

Biomarkers and Questionnaires Predict Suicide Risk

By combining measures of genetic activity with app-based questionnaires, researchers made progress in predicting which patients might be likely to attempt suicide.

Illustration of DNA on a background of genetic code.

Finding Factors that Affect Huntingtonís Disease Onset

A novel strategy identified genetic factors linked to the onset of Huntingtonís disease symptoms. The approach may help predict the progression of disease and suggest new therapies.

August 24, 2015

Man talking to doctor.

Combination Therapy for Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Results of a clinical trial show that giving chemotherapy along with hormone therapy can prolong the lives of men with a certain type of metastatic prostate cancer.

Octopus.

Untangling the Octopus Genome

The octopus genome sequence provides new clues to this animalís distinctive features and abilities, and may help inform a better understanding of human development.

Cells with mitochondria.

Study Details Process Involved in Parkinsonís Disease

Researchers determined how cells dispose of damaged mitochondria, a process that can lead to neurodegenerative and other diseases when gone awry.

August 10, 2015

White blood cell.

Benefits of Early Antiretroviral Therapy in HIV Infection

A large study found that starting antiretroviral therapy early in HIV-infected people prevents serious AIDS-related and non-AIDS-related diseases.

Legs supported by braces.

Paralyzed Men Gain Movement Without Surgery

A noninvasive treatment helped 5 men with complete muscle paralysis in the lower body voluntarily move their legs in a step-like pattern.

Network of interconnected mitochondria.

Muscle Mitochondria May Form Energy Power Grid

Mitochondria within mouse muscle cells can quickly distribute energy through a grid-like network. The findings could provide new insights into diseases linked to energy use in muscle.

July 27, 2015

Person using a smartphone.

Checking the Symptom Checkers

Free symptom checking programs often donít provide the correct diagnosis first, a study found, and their advice on when to seek help usually errs on the side of caution.

Man taking a pill.

Who to Treat with Statins

Two studies found that recent cholesterol treatment guidelines are a cost-effective way to prevent cardiovascular disease.

Caenorhabditis elegans

Magnetic Field Sensor Unearthed in Worms

A sensor in nerve cells of tiny worms detects the Earthís magnetic field. The finding suggests that the ability of animals to detect magnetic fields may be more widespread than thought.

July 13, 2015

Transmission electron micrograph of an exosome

Method for Early Detection of Pancreatic Cancer

A noninvasive method to detect both early- and late-stage pancreatic cancer could lead to routine tests that catch tumors early and boost survival rates.

A newborn smiling.

Improving Blood Flow in Preterm Infants

A technique called umbilical cord milking increased blood pressure and red blood cell levels in preterm infants delivered by cesarean section.

Knife and fork with a glass of water.

Health Effects of a Diet that Mimics Fasting

Periodic cycles of a low-calorie diet that mimicked fasting improved metabolic, immune, and other functions in mice. A pilot study suggested health benefits to people.

June 29, 2015

Silhouette of a woman resting her head in her hands.

Study Shows Increase in Problem Drinking

A nationwide survey found that alcohol use disorder is becoming more common, but few people seek treatment. The study highlights the need for renewed education and treatment efforts.

Man cupping his hand to his ear.

Hearing Impairment in Hispanic/Latino Adults

Researchers found that nearly 1 in 7 Hispanic/Latino adults in the U.S. has hearing loss. More research will be needed to determine the factors involved and develop interventions.

Protein nanoparticle designed to fight HIV.

HIV Vaccine Progress in Animal Studies

Research teams achieved important steps needed to prompt the immune system to produce antibodies against HIV. The results show important progress toward design of an effective HIV vaccine.

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About NIH Research Matters

Editor: Harrison Wein, Ph.D.
Assistant Editors: Vicki Contie, Carol Torgan, Ph.D.

NIH Research Matters is a weekly update of NIH research highlights from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.

ISSN 2375-9593

Research News from NIH and Grantees

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This page last reviewed on August 31, 2015

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